Managers in different fields are faced with investment decisions under market and technological uncertainties. The future opportunities involving uncertainties and managerial flexibility should be valued by the real options approach and no more by the methods based on discounted cash flow (DCF), since the later cannot correctly capture the operating flexibility available within the project. In this book, the authors show how to apply the real options approach to real world fields. We develop a dynamic programming approach in diverse fields characterized by different types of uncertainty, including telecommunications, sustainable transport and acquisition of innovative technological firms. Depending on the application field, we consider proprietary real options held by one firm or shared options where several competing firms hold the investment opportunity.
Despite the decision of the WTO members to launch a new round of negotiations at their Doha Ministerial in November 2001, developing countries continue to have very real concerns on a number of key issues. The successful completion of the Doha trade round and the realization of the goals of its Development Agenda represent a major challenge for both the developed and the developing world. The primary aim of this volume is to improve understanding of the issues, the objectives of policy and the options for trade policy reform particularly as they impact on the Asia-Pacific region. A team of authors from developing and developed countries in the Asia-Pacific identify ways in which progress might be made on the key negotiating topics, including market access and related issues in agriculture, non-agriculture merchandise and in trade in services.
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