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Forest land managers face the challenges of preparing their forests for the impacts of climate change. However, climate change adds a new dimension to the task of developing and testing science-based management options to deal with the effects of stressors on forest ecosystems in the southern United States. The large spatial scale and complex interactions make traditional experimental approaches difficult. Yet, the current progression of climate change science offers new insights from recent syntheses, models, and experiments, providing enough information to start planning now for a future that will likely include an increase in disturbances and rapid changes in forest conditions.
Preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) are currently proliferating, but existing economics literature provides little practical guidance for trade negotiators and analysts grappling with complex technical problems in negotiating PTAs. In this Australia-China focussed study, a group of trade economists and international trade law experts draw on both theory and recent evaluations of several major PTAs to discuss the constraints to achieving meaningful liberalisation in PTAs and key practical problems facing negotiators trying to achieve the best outcomes within given political economy constraints, such as choice of rules of origin and dispute settlement procedures. The Australia-China FTA, currently under negotiation, is used as an illustrative case study to provide concrete insights into the roots of political conflicts and the pros and cons of alternative formulations and approaches. This book would appeal to both academic analysts and those involved in negotiating international trade agreements.
This book presents a market-consistent valuation framework for implicit embedded options in life insurance contracts. This framework is used to perform an empirical analysis based on more than 110,000 actual and in-force life insurance policies and with a focus on the modeling of interest rates. Its results are the answer to the central question posed in the objectives: What value do the embedded options and guarantees considered have? This question is answered both absolutely and relative to the current policy reserves, from the perspective of the insurer, the policyholder and the shareholder respectively
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